Moai, Easter Island

Moai, Easter Island

One of the first images conjured up when Easter Island is mentioned is the Moai, or the massive head sculptures believed to be carved between 1250 CE and 1500 CE. There are many unanswered questions about their origin, construction methods and how the sculptures were transported to their final destination. The Easter Island statues are known for their large, broad noses and strong chins, along with rectangle-shaped ears and deep eye slits. Their legless bodies are normally squatting, with their arms resting in different positions. They were crafted to honor chieftans and other dignitaries. Archaeologists have identified and documented about 1,000 mo'ai. 

The Polynesian island is 2,400 miles off the west coast of Chile and measures only 64 square miles.

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