Comprised of 9 buildings with colorful, onion-shaped cupolos, St Basil's Cathedral is the most recognizable church in Russia, and perhaps the world. Built in the 16th century by order of Ivan the Terrible to commemorate the capture of the Khanate of Kazan, legends surrounding the buildings are rampant. One such legend proported that the Czar blinded the architects following the inconic cathedral's completion to prevent them from building other such churches. He didn't.
"The Cathedral of the Intercession of the Virgin on the Moat", as it is officially named, dominates Red Square and sits adjacent to the Kremlin. Today, it houses a museum.